Pitta Dosha

The Pitta Dosha combines the fire with the water element and stands for the energy principle. The primary function of Pitta is transformation, e.g. regulating the body heat through the transformation of food to energy, controlling enzymes and even neurotransmitters. (Scroll down to read more about Pitta’s functions in the body.)

Pitta physical constitution

There are no conspicuities in the Pitta figure and appearance—their average proportions hold the middle ground between the light Vata and the heavy Kapha type. They are known for a good digestive fire and strong appetite—often for sweets and cold drinks—and hardly gain or lose much weight. Pitta people enjoy physical activity but go out of balance easily with too much heat and thus prefer cooler climates.

  • Skin: light, shiny, soft and warm; prone to sunburn, moles, and freckles
  • Hair: fine and smooth, often blond or red; tends to grey prematurely
  • Face: cordate with balanced features and a tapering chin
  • Eyes: distinct and bright, sensitive to light
  • Nose: pointed and even
  • Mouth: average size and shape, sensitive teeth

Pitta mental constitution

Ambitious • Focused • Confident
A bright mind and good concentration are probably the most prominent characteristics of Pitta people. They quickly absorb information, know how to use them and have a good memory for things that are important to accomplish their goals. Their focus and ambition will allow them to go far in life and moreover the Pitta type is usually a good speaker, has leadership qualities and knows how to promote himself. On the other hand, this constant inner fire and alertness can lead to aggressiveness, impatience, and high blood pressure so the Pitta type has to be cautious not to overdo things.

The Doshas are affected by the Gunas (Qualities) which bring out different mental states. Pitta natures have the following tendencies:

Clear thoughts, leadership, a good teacher, perceptiveAngry, irritated, judgmental, controlling, jealous, resentfulHateful, hurtful, violent, murderous tendencies

How to balance the Pitta Dosha »

Factors that can increase the influence of the Pitta Dosha are too many hot and spicy foods, irregular eating habits and exposure to sun and heat.

The following could be sign to balance your Pitta Dosha:

  • you tend to be overly critical or irritable
  • you have problems with excess stomach acid
  • you feel hot and/or constantly thirsty
  • you find it difficult to wind down from a project or work
  • you have a low tolerance of annoying situations or other people’s behavior
  • you often feel frustrated or have mood swings and unnecessary temper outbursts
  • you tend to be sarcastic and/or get into arguments easily
  • general heat, inflammation, bleeding, redness, purpleness, burning, thirst.

Pitta functions and dysfunctions

Pitta affects all the transformation processes in the body its main functions being the control of digestion and metabolism and the release of energy. Apart from that Pitta is responsible for the skin color, complexion and some chemical processes in the skin, the processing of impulses from the outside environment and for vision itself by converting light rays falling onto the retina of the eye into electrical impulses for processing in the brain. Pitta will also analyze and sort out the received information and is therefore closely connected to intelligence and comprehension. It controls appetite, hunger and thirst and the emotions of anger and fear.

Pitta’s main locations are stomach and small bowel with minor locations in liver, spleen, gallbladder, blood, sweat, eyes and endocrine glands. This means that problems with these regions in combination with the Pitta function (transformations) will likely lead back to an unbalanced Pitta Dosha.

Typical Pitta disorders:

  • skin disorders, redness, irritations and discolorations
  • elevated body temperature
  • malabsorption of food, loss of appetite or excessive hunger and thirst
  • improper digestion, acidity and heartburn
  • hemorrhages, piles and ulcers

Pitta Mixed Doshas


Vata-Pitta types resemble pure Vatas in many respects, but the Pitta influence often gives them a stronger and more compact build. This Prakriti is very active and shows a curious combination of confusion and determination. In general, Vata-Pittas are sensitive to neuronal stimuli such as light, heat, sound and dryness as well as being sensitive to environmental and emotional changes. Their digestion usually is as strong as Pitta’s but can be irregular.


Pitta-Kapha types usually are very healthy and resilient, combining the power of Pitta with the strength of Kapha. They usually display a sturdier build than pure Pittas and put on weight more easily than those but since they are also physically more active than pure Kaphas they usually are able to keep the balance. Warm, humid weather affects this type negatively.